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4 Common Types of Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Diet Chart for Indians

Diabetes Mellitus
4 Common Types of Diabetes Mellitus-Diet Chart

Table of Contents

Diabetes is routinely accompanied by an excess of weight; something the experts call as ‘Diabesity’ (Diabetes +  Obesity)

Everyone has heard of diabetes mellitus and that diabetes diet comes with a number of restrictions. Rather, diabetes has claimed our attention with scary statistics.

It is estimated that by the year 2025, diabetes prevalence will rise to 69.9 million compared to 32 million in the year 2000. And that is alarming.

Also, it has become an area of concern for us as India is now considered as the Diabetes Capital of the world.[1]

However, in order to fight the disease, we must first know it properly.

So here we bring you the symptoms, types, and diseases associated with diabetes mellitus along with a Nutritionist recommended Diabetes diet plan. 

Want to prevent diabetes? The first step is to reduce your weight! Get FREE Diabetes Weight Management Consultation and Nutrition Mentoring by an experienced Truweight Nutrition Coach.

6 Diabetes Mellitus Symptoms

It is found that diabetes mellitus often doesn’t show prominent symptoms.

And if they occur, the symptoms of Type 1 may appear quickly while the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes mellitus may develop very slowly.

6 of the common symptoms that are associated with diabetes mellitus are as below

  • Frequent urination than usual.
  • Growing excessive thirst and prolonged dryness of the mouth
  • Developing blurry vision
  • Weight loss at an alarming rate
  • Prolonged healing of cuts and wounds
  • Extreme tiredness

4 most common types of diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a disease that can be of different types depending on nature. Whatever the type is, the disease results in a high blood sugar level.

This group of diseases is referred to as metabolic disorders that persist for a long time. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus are the common types.

While the first is primarily dependent on medicines the latter can be controlled with proper diet and exercises.

1. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

This type of diabetes hampers the pancreas making it produce little or no insulin at all. It is treated by injecting insulin into the body. This type is primarily dependent on medicines.

2. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

This type is commonly known as non-insulin dependent. In this type of diabetes, although the pancreas does produce insulin, the amount is either not enough or the body starts being resistant to it. This can be controlled by dietary changes and lifestyle modifications.

3. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

This type affects pregnant women. During pregnancy, many women develop insulin resistance. It usually resolves itself after the pregnancy.

More than the mother, gestational diabetes mellitus becomes riskier for the baby.

4 risks of gestational diabetes mellitus to the baby

a) Breathing issues at birth
b) Abnormal weight gain of the baby before birth
c) Risk of carrying diabetes in later life
d) Developing chances of obesity in later life

4. Prediabetes

It is a condition that sends alarms that the blood sugar level is crucially high that might develop into diabetes.

5 common complications of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is, in fact, responsible for inviting other health hazards too.

The longer you take to control blood sugar level in diabetes, the higher risks of developing other health diseases.

5 of the most common complications associated with diabetes mellitus areas below.

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Kidney Issues
  • Vision damages
  • Nervous damages.
  • Skin damages.

Over the past 30 years, the scenario of diabetes has been changed from a mild metabolic disorder of the elderly to one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity affecting the youth and middle-aged persons.

Recommended Diabetes Diet Foods 

Diet and lifestyle are the main pillars that help in not just prevention but also the management of particularly type 2 diabetes mellitus.

There are many myths surrounding what fruits a sugar patient can consume. Studies have found that a low-carbohydrate, high protein diet seemed to help reduce insulin resistance.

Low GI (Glycemic index is an indicator, which tells us how quickly a specific amount of particular food will raise blood sugar levels) foods also indirectly reduce blood insulin levels by controlling blood glucose levels.

We have hand-picked a list of 10 foods for a diabetic diet to help the patients.

Can people with diabetes consume rice?

You may think that a south Indian diabetes diet might be devoid of rice! But that is not the truth. You can have rice in diabetes but opt for the unpolished version. Our detailed blog will explain which rice should be preferred by a diabetes patient.

Indian Diabetes Diet Plan recommended by Nutritionists

Truweight approaches diabetes management, type 2 diabetes mellitus to be precise, in a holistic manner that is based on nutrition and lifestyle modification along with health supplements.

The Truweight diabetes diet chart is designed to attack the root causes of diabetes and weight gain. It gives you multiple options for

  • Low GI food,
  • High protein food
  • Adds good fat to your diet
  • Incorporates vitamins-rich food
  • Providing scientific nutrition information

So here you go, our Senior Nutrition and Scientific Research Officer Mrs Shunmukha Priya share the diabetes diet chart which incorporates Indian foods.

Truweight’s Indian Diabetes Diet Chart

Early morning

10 ml Trudrink mixed with 1 glass of water / 2 tsp of TruGreen mixed with 1 glass of water.

After ½ an hour

1 cup of green tea / Tea with low- fat milk with some gluten-free snacks.


2 Truweight mighty millet idli with 1 bowl mix veg sambhar / 2 medium sized quinoa dal dosa with 1 bowl sambhar /  1 open veg paneer sandwich with 1 whole grain toast / 1 medium plate red rice sprouts poha with 1 bowl of low-fat curd / 2-egg white omelette with spinach and mushroom.

Mid-morning snacks

1 apple / pomegranate / pear + . Truweight WOW Drink.


1 tsp Trufiber with 1 glass of Buttermilk.

After ½ hour

1 bowl chicken/egg/paneer salad + 1 low on oil subji + 1 bowl dal + 2 regular sized gluten-free / whole wheat phulka.


1 bowl vegetable pulao made with brown or red rice + 1 bowl dal + 1 bowl mixed veg raita.

Mid-evening snacks

1 glass Truweight Shake-a-Day mixed with water or low-fat milk / omega-3 laddoos / 1 fistful of almonds and walnuts / 1 whole wheat no-oil methi chakra.


1 bowl salad of choice or 1 bowl Truweight’s Moringa/ Tomato moong soup/ bitter gourd soup.

½ an hour later

1 bowl dal + 1 bowl   Mix veg subji + 2  gluten-free phulkas.


1 glass of low-fat milk with a pinch of cinnamon.

Remember, this is a sample Indian diet plan for diabetes incorporating Truweight’s superfoods. It is a general diabetes diet chart plan and it has to be considered along with a physical activity routine and a detailed diet, hormonal, and genetic history of an individual.

So now that you know about the perfect diabetes diet, below is a special segment regarding fruits, which are quite controversial in the world of diabetics.

Fruits to include in your Diabetes Diet

Fruits have a reputation for elevating blood sugar level, however, the British Medical Journal has reported a study that shows the association between fruits and a diabetes diet.

In fact, fruits for Diabetics is found to be very crucial as they contain nutrients and energy that can be very beneficial for a diabetes diet plan.

However, the key point is to keep a check on the amount of consumption. Consuming too much of fruits will definitely hamper the blood sugar levels and hence have a higher risk of diabetes.

Here are the 5 fruits for diabetics that are considered to be beneficial.

1. Berries

These contain antioxidants besides vitamins and fibre. Berries are even low on GI. These factors make berries to be a part of a diabetes diet.

2. Apricots

An apricot a day can serve about 50 per cent of your daily vitamin A requirement. [1] This fruit is rich in fibre that makes it ideal to be included in a diet for diabetics.

3. Citrus fruits

Citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C which is very helpful for diabetic people. Moreover, citrus fruits like orange are low in GI and contain folate that even helps in maintaining blood pressure.

4. Apples

A diet for diabetics can definitely include one of the most loved fruits i.e, apples. These are low in calories and are rich in fibre and antioxidants.

5. Pomegranates

These are packed with antioxidants and hence can be surely helpful in dealing with diabetes. Antioxidants are effective in reducing diabetic complications. So including these in your diabetes diet is always a good idea

The Indian diet is generally low in protein and fibre, one of the big reasons for obesity and diabetes in India. People with diabetes are already in negative nitrogen balance meaning they need twice the amount of protein than normal individuals.

For any protein to be effective, it has to be high biological value, which means it provides all the 9 essential amino acids. Wondering which foods to choose? Here are 10 complete vegetarian protein sources that you can include in the diabetic diet chart.

In addition to protein, fibre in the diabetes diet chart can reduce the rate of glucose absorption, lower blood sugar rise, increase the feeling of fullness, and ultimately reduces the food intake.

Studies have also shown that individuals with diabetes most often die of cardiovascular disease. So a well-balanced intake of omega 3 and omega 6 (good fats) from flax seeds, walnuts, and cold-water fish can control the inflammation seen in diabetes.

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So there you go, we covered for you the symptoms of diabetes, a planned diabetes diet chart and the diabetes-friendly fruits,  just for you.

For more information, here’s the checklist which will help you in the diabetes management better. Check out the must-fulfil 17 pointer diabetes management checklist.

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  1. shireesha says

    Good one. Very informative and worth to read the overall Indian Diabetes scenario.

    1. somaraghavendra says

      Hi Shireesha! we thank you sharing your valuable feedback on diet chart for diabetes. Keep following our blog for more information.

  2. Salim says

    I am 42 yrs old suffering with diabeties type 2. My weight is 100kgs. Dr has suggested me to loose weight. How do i loose my weight ?

    1. somaraghavendra says

      Hi Salim! We would like to inform you that we do have diabetes management program. Which helps you in controlling the diabetes and losing weight.
      kindly follow the provided link or call on toll free number 18001021255 to speak to the concerned team.

  3. Kate Brownell says

    Hello Shobha
    Thanks for sharing such an informative blog. You are right; to fight with the disease we need to know about it properly. Also need to understand difference between type 1 and type 2.

    1. shama says

      Hi kate, Thanks for writing to us. Follow above mentioned diabetes diet chart

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    1. netravati says

      Thank you for your valuable feedback.

  5. Pari says

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    1. netravati says

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  7. Rickie Handon says

    Hi. Wow Wonder-full article. It offered me some great tips to think about next time.
    Thanks again for the valuable article. Cheers

    1. netravati says

      Thanks for writing to us. Keep following our blog for more such articles.

  8. unknown says

    hi, my friend is diabetic and she is fat, her bmi is 28 she wants a diet chart that helps her loose weight at the same time face no complications in the sugar level..please could you prepare one..?? she wants the food to be common south Indian food list.

    1. Mehnaz Farooque says

      Hi There,

      You have come to the right place. However, there are other things that matter besides BMI, to come up with a diet plan for a particular individual. Why don’t you let us know the other required health details of your friend and help us come up with a diet plan that can help her lose weight as well as have no complications in her sugar levels? Give us a call, at 08045450037. The first consultation is on us! 🙂

  9. Martha Henderson says

    Great info 🙂 Thank you 🙂

    1. Mehnaz Farooque says

      You’re welcome. Keep following our blog for more articles. 🙂

  10. NAGENDER says


    1. mehnaz says


      We are glad that you liked our article. Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle disease that can be maintained well with a few changes in eating habits and daily routine. Thank you for writing to us. Do keep following our blogs for more articles on health. 🙂

  11. Vinod says

    To control diabetes foods can perform a great role. We must eat those things which is compatible with diabetes. You must intake the fruit or food which is highly nutrient.
    Thanks for the information which gonna help people practically.

    1. mehnaz says

      Hi Vinod,

      Yes, to control diabetes, a Proven Diabetes Diet Chart for Indians to Control this Condition, can be helpful. Diabetes is a disease that can be well maintained with the right kind of diet. So it is of great importance to pay attention to what you eat. Thank you for writing to us. Do keep following our blogs.

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